June 21, 2012
Hats worn by Franciscans at the Spanish Missions in California
During my visit of the Franciscan establishments along the California Mission Trail I saw at the museum of the mission in Santa Barbara the following hat:
The museum of the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia exhibits:
These hats are similar to the cappello romano (saturno) with two exeptions:
- the crown is cylindrical with a flat top (not spherical)
- the hat has a wide brim
The wide brim reminds of a sombrero, a hat worn to protect the wearer against strong sunlight. Franciscan friars in California are exposed strong sunlight, especially during summer time.
Maybe the black color was worn during winter and whit during summer (to achieve a better reflection of the sunlight)?
To recognize them as catholic priest they used the typical hat cord with two tassels.
The tassels are typical f.e. for the Chapéu de Raia, too.
In this context, some paintings/drawings out of the book of Leonce Angrand: