The Gaozhuang Jinzi [traditional form: 高裝巾子, simplified form: 高装巾子] and the Dongpo Jin [tradintional form: 東坡巾, simplified form: 东坡巾], so-called for the famous Song dynasty poet Su Dongpo [蘇東坡]. It is no religious or clerical headgear. After my research it is some kind of scholar's or writer's hat (literati) of the Neo-Confucianism of the Ming Dynasty. This style of hat flares out wider at the top than the base, is quite tall, and the flaps are attached at the brim (bottom) and are open at the top.
Gaozhuang Jinzi [traditional form: 高裝巾子, simplified form: 高装巾子]
Dongpo Jin [tradintional form: 東坡巾, simplified form: 东坡巾]
was an Italian Jesuit priest, and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission, as it existed in the 17th-18th centuries. By wearing that style of Gaozhuang Jinzi Matteo Ricci wants to adopt himself to the Chinese culture.
(*20 September 1614 - †6 June 1661) was an Italian Jesuit missionary, cartographer and historian, mainly working on imperial China
(often spelled Giulio Aleni; 1582 - June 10, 1649)
was an Italian Jesuit missionary and scholar.
Prof. Dr. Felix Körner SJ, Pontificia Università Gregoriana, Rome, Italy
Dr. Gerd Wädow, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin
Prof. Dr. Michael Sievernich SJ, Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Sankt Georgen, Frankfurt
for their kind and competend support.