June 22, 2011

The Gaozhuang Jinzi [高裝巾子] and Dongpo Jin [東坡巾]

The Gaozhuang Jinzi [traditional form: 高裝巾子, simplified form: 高装巾子] and the Dongpo Jin [tradintional form: 東坡巾, simplified form: 东坡巾], so-called for the famous Song dynasty poet Su Dongpo [蘇東坡]. It is no religious or clerical headgear. After my research it is some kind of scholar's or writer's hat (literati) of the Neo-Confucianism of the Ming Dynasty. This style of hat flares out wider at the top than the base, is quite tall, and the flaps are attached at the brim (bottom) and are open at the top.

Gaozhuang Jinzi [traditional form: 高裝巾子, simplified form: 高装巾子]

Dongpo Jin [tradintional form: 東坡巾, simplified form: 东坡巾]

Matteo Ricci, SJ (October 6, 1552 – May 11, 1610)
 was an Italian Jesuit priest, and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission, as it existed in the 17th-18th centuries. By wearing that style of Gaozhuang Jinzi Matteo Ricci wants to adopt himself to the Chinese culture.

(*20 September 1614 - †6 June 1661) was an Italian Jesuit missionary, cartographer and historian, mainly working on imperial China

(often spelled Giulio Aleni; 1582 - June 10, 1649)
 was an Italian Jesuit missionary and scholar.

From the film "Mission verbotene Stadt"
ZDF documentation about Adam Schall, SJ


Many thanks to:
Mr. Mark S. Mir of the Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, USA

Prof. Dr. Felix Körner SJ, Pontificia Università Gregoriana, Rome, Italy

Dr. Gerd Wädow, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin

Prof. Dr. Michael Sievernich SJ, Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Sankt Georgen, Frankfurt 

for their kind and competend support.


  1. Dear Mr. Philippi,
    You said "It is no religious or clerical headgear" but look this picture where you can see one of these bonnets Chinese during the mass.

    Congratulations for the blog, the colletion and de papal tiara!!

  2. Dear Mr Pomar,

    thank you very much for your comment.
    The link you mentioned in your comment is showing the Jijin - 祭巾 (as well Tsikin, Tsikim, Tsi-kim), a clerical headgear worn in China approxm. from 1615 til 1911. I intend to make a separat post about the Jijin - 祭巾 very soon.

  3. Sorry. This is what I get for trying to correct the world leading expert clerical hats ...
    I look forward to your new article.

  4. That doesn't matter. They look very similar. Thank you as well for your appreciation for my blog and work.


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