March 13, 2012

Kolpak Worn by the Eparch of the Croatian Greek Catholic Church

Nikola Kekić
Eparch of the Greek Catholic Eparchy of Križevci,
Croatian Greek Catholic Church
with orthodox kolpak, made out of red purple velvet
Episcopal Consecration in Croatia on 4th of July 2009

Ash Wedneday at Santa Sabina, Rome on 29th of Februray 2009

Two more hats with the same shape:
1. Armenian Sagharvart - ê³Õ³í³ñï
2. Jewish Cantor's Hat

1. Armenian Sagharvart - ê³Õ³í³ñï
worn by archprietss of th of the Armenian Apostolic Church

2. Jewish Cantor's Hat

Saghavart in Armenian language is


  1. This hat is not a Mitre. It is more related to Monastic headgear in the Orthodox Church when a Bishop is not officiating. More like a western Biretta. If you will note, this form of hat is worn only by prelates of Eastern Rite Catholic Churches, eg Cardinal Huzar(sic) They are part of choir dress.

    This bishop is in choir dress since he is wearing the mandias instead of full Episcopal vesture.

  2. @ Anonymous:
    If this headgear is not called "mitre", what is its name?
    This style/shape, known as Sagharvart, is as well worn by archpriests of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

  3. This is a kiplak and it is peculiar to Byzantine Catholics of certain Slavic jurisdictions. It is not a Liturgical mitra but more like a biretta. Only bishops wear this with the cross on top.

    The Rev. Michael P. Forbes
    Rochester, MN USA

  4. Dear Reverend Forbes,
    thank you very much for writing and your valuable comment.
    I immediately changed the wording from "mitre" to "kiplak".
    From which language is the word "kiplak" ?

  5. The correct spelling is KOLPAK. The word, of course, is originally Turkish in origin. The term is used throughout Eastern Europe to describe a round, brimless cap.

    In this case, the kolpak is a type of hat worn by Greek Catholic priests and bishops of the Ruthenian tradition. It was non-liturgical, and only worn outside of the church proper (outdoors, in processions, while in the cemetery, etc.). Today, it seems to be falling into disuse as the Greek Catholic clergy in Ukraine and Slovakia are leaning towards wearing the Greek-style kalimafki/kamilavka.

    The kolpak may have its origins in academic dress, which may explain why the same shape of hat is worn by Jewish cantors.


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